Understanding Litha (Summer Solstice)

Understanding Litha

Litha is an old Pagan festival which is celebrated on the Summer Solstice - also known as the Midsummer - which starts on June 21st. These festivals are often used to mark the first day of the season - the others include Mabon, Yule and Ostara. Litha is believed to mark the halfway point of the Summer season where the sun is at its highest and strongest point in the sky resulting in the longest day and shortest night.

Litha is believed to be the time when the Triple Goddess is pregnant and transitioning into her mother phase. As she prepares to welcome her child with the Sun God, he is at his absolute prime. Litha marks the peak of summer with the longest day of the year - daylight will be extended on this day. Nature is in full bloom after the spring season and is thriving from its new found growth.

At Litha, we honour the Sun God as he is at his most powerful during this time. He has reached his highest potential as he readies himself for the dark times ahead. This is a time of abundance and power, with the sun's intense energy making anything possible.

At this time, we must take inspiration from Litha and rejoice in the warmth and light bestowed upon us. Drink in the beauty of the nature around you and celebrate. Be inspired by the love that is in the air and the abundant energy shining down on you from the sky. Allow Litha to help you grow and rise to your highest potential.

Here are a list of Litha correspondences and activities to try out during this inspirational time of year.


Colours That Symbolise

  • Brown
  • Green
  • Orange
  • Red
  • Yellow

Altar Items To Include

  • Summer fruits
  • Summer flowers
  • Sun God statue
  • Seashells

Stones That Symbolise

  • Tiger's Eye
  • Sunstone
  • Amber
  • Jade


Herbs That Symbolise

  • Chamomile
  • Elderflower
  • Mugwort
  • Lavender

Spells To Do

  • Growth
  • Protection
  • Abundance
  • Healing

Activities To Try

  • Decorate your sacred space with summer flowers - sunflower, marigolds etc.
  • Watch the sunrise/set
  • Host a bonfire party
  • Create flower crowns
  • Make a Litha altar
  • Make solar water by leaving a bowl of spring water out in the sun for a few hours
  • Recharge your crystals in the sunlight
  • Go for a walk and embrace the beauty of nature

For more on the Sabbats in the Celtic Wheel Of The Year, take a look at my post Celebrating SamhainUnderstanding ImbolcUnderstanding Ostara and Understanding Beltane.

Don't forget to stop by the Black Moon Gypsy store for custom made artwork like Cerridwen's Elixir and Sacred Amethyst Moon.

What are your favourite Beltane traditions and activities? Feel free to share in the comments below!